In the printing industry in China, known as the "urban industrial packaging and printing industry to become one of the most growth in recent years, industry and continuous growth rate of 10% to 12%. But careful analysis of the current situation of China's packaging and printing industry, there are still some of the urgent need to resolve the problem, these problems have become the bottleneck hinder the healthy development of China's packaging and printing industry.
In the country, the packaging printed counterparts in Europe and America and not in our dominant; abroad, the majority of our exports to enter the developed countries of Europe and the United States, private Packaging and Printing Group show a strong vitality and development potential. 41410 to the end of April 2007, the national packaging printing enterprises, accounting for 40% of the total number of printing companies, employing more than 1 million.
Globalization of today's economy, the internationalization of enterprises has become the trend of China's economic integration with the world economy, in order to "own" it is practically impossible, the prominent role of multinational corporations in economic activity around the world has been growing obviously, the domestic market is international, international competition in the domestic economic characteristics of the formation.
Small business ones
Due to the relatively small scale of investment in the packaging and printing industry, to absorb the relatively strong labor force, the lower the degree of damage to the environment, by the favor of the policy deals with support of many local governments to promote the development of the industry. However, from the layout point of view, packaging and printing enterprise is relatively fragmented, is not conducive to the day-to-day supervision of the printing industry. Larger scale from the enterprise point of view, the coastal developed areas such as packaging and printing enterprise, the packaging and printing enterprises in inland areas such relatively small-scale. Structure from a business point of view, only a few enterprises live source sufficient living source of most businesses nervous. It is because of the small-scale packaging printing enterprises above normal, low block times, redundant construction, and many companies do not have their own characteristics, the use of the proportion of high-tech enterprises in packaging and printing is still very low. Labor inefficiencies packaging and printing with the function and role of value-added goods, improve product quality, enhance consumer.
Compared with developed countries, the total output value of China's packaging and printing industry is still very low.
Figures as evidence: At present, the total output value of China's printing industry accounted for only about 4% of the total output value of the printing industry in the world, which accounted for only 2.5% of the national GDP. China's packaging and printing industry, labor productivity is also low, even less than a tenth of the developed countries.
It is true that low labor efficiency is determined by a variety of factors, depends on the one hand, technology innovation and transformation, on the other hand depends on the overall improvement of the quality of employees. However, the reality of China's packaging and printing industry, you need to go through a long process. Regional development imbalance in the packaging and printing industry development and regional economic development are inseparable, which is determined by the characteristics of the industry. Concern is the uneven regional development of the national economy, but also a direct result of the uneven distribution of packaging printing enterprises in China. Such as the coastal areas of eastern China, the Yangtze River Delta, the rapid economic development of the Pearl River Delta region, the packaging and printing industry was the trend of prosperity, while relatively backward western inland region's economic development, packaging and printing industry in the doldrums. According to the statistics of the China Association of Indian workers: Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Jiangsu four provinces and one city packaging and printing output value accounts for more than half of the total output value of the National Packaging and Printing; Northwest Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and other provinces packaging and printing output value accounted for only about 5% of the country.
This situation caused printing waste of resources; enterprises do not have enough competitive; packaging printing enterprises of their own development is hindered. Equipment "polarization" At present, China's packaging and printing industry equipment level uneven, obviously formed a "polarization": that is, not only on the market a variety of high-speed, high-grade, is the world's leading imported presses, there are a variety of technical content low, poor quality of printing equipment. In particular, the majority of small and medium-sized packaging printing enterprise, due to lack of funds, mostly middle and low printing equipment. Many packaging printing enterprises buy imports of second-hand printing equipment, many small-scale enterprises to use the old-fashioned printing press, postpress process production equipment is relatively backward, nearly aging some printing equipment.
Compared to these SMEs, some large equipment packaging printing enterprises are more advanced equipment is fully functional, high degree of automation, stable performance, capable of printing a variety of high-end packaging and printing products. The status quo of the weak one, it shows a lack of overall strength of China's packaging and printing industry. To this end, in the face of the future, the industry should focus on crack four problems, in the spirit of scientific development, promote the healthy development of China's packaging and printing industry.
Sustained and rapid development of the food industry for the packaging and printing industry to bring a broad market space for development. According to the data: in 2005, the total output value of China's food industry to achieve 1.8 trillion yuan, the demand for food packaging market to reach 45 billion yuan. The food industry is closely related to the devaluation of the packaging and printing industry. Food industrial products, packaging, packaging and printing a direct impact on the quality, grade, and marketing of the products of the food industry. Food packaging, although it can not determine the intrinsic quality of the food, but good packaging can guarantee and extend the quality of food and life, and to extend the shelf life of food, easy to carry and transport. Excellent packaging has won a reputation for product, and establish a brand, to prevent counterfeiting, to provide convenience to the consumer choice of goods.
In the "Eleventh Five-Year" several large development potential industry experts predict: First, convenience foods, and its products belonging to various sectors of the food industry, the development speed of fast-phase method, potential demand, and its variety forms of different specifications, demand for packaging printing industry, but dairy products packaging single, can not adapt to changes in the market needs. Particularly in the supply of liquid milk of the city, the "Eleventh Five-Year" period, the average annual increase of 15%, up to 200 million tons of packaging needs. Third, agricultural and sideline products processing products, many areas are increasing efforts in the processing of agricultural and sideline products fresh. But these enterprises packaging generally lag behind the first-class quality, second-rate packaging.
With higher food industry product structure adjustment and upgrading of products, packaging and decoration printing and packaging image requirements. Accordingly, the development direction of China's food packaging should be:
1) For most of the new packaging, mainly based on the raw materials of petrochemical products. 2) the further development of the aseptic packaging will reduce the need of refrigeration equipment. 3) are willing to use more and more plastic cans and plastic bottles by plastic products will partially replace glass products, and in some cases instead of metal products. 4) flexo printing to high-quality development. Water-based ink and water-based polish in the flexo applications, has been able to produce prints comparable